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Design of low-rise buildings

Design of low-rise buildings implies residential buildings in one or two floors and is mainly used for individual housing of cottage type, as well as for apartment buildings in densely populated areas. Rarely low-rise building is in demand for the construction of public buildings (kindergartens of rural type, mini-hotels, etc.). Types of lay-out of low-rise buildings:

467b987928abdeb916e447bba39bc249

  • Room type;
  • sectional
  • enfilade;
  • Mixed;
  • atrium (allowance is made for an annexed covered yard with transfer to subsidiary buildings.

Our company carries out design of low-rise buildings, as well as documentary approval of construction in the relevant bodies.

Low-rise construction has its own characteristics, which must be taken into account:

  • landscape features
  • climatic zones
  • building specificity

The choice of material, type of foundation, type of heating system and infrastructure of the building as a whole depends on the listed items.

For the northern regions, the most suitable are capital residential single-story houses made of wood, brick or concrete mixes. Since the walls made of these materials have a solid weight and exert tremendous pressure on the ground, a proper calculation of the foundation is necessary taking into account the analysis of the soil structure. In addition, you need:

  • calculation of the heating system (if independent heating of the building is assumed);
  • good thermal insulation

For areas with a mild climate, it is acceptable to design low-rise buildings on the basis of lightweight frameworks that are much more economical and faster in construction. For this type of buildings are typical:

  • inexpensive pile-and-screw foundation
  • A greater variety of layouts
  • Modern heating systems based on heat pumps

For public low-rise buildings, the project is expected to comply with all safety standards, such as:

  • emergency emergency exits (fire exits)
  • the standard of doorways (including the lower protruding part, which should not be more than 4 cm);
  • the presence of several (at least two) access roads.

In the design of low-rise buildings, without fail, takes into account the prevailing direction and possible wind force, additional protection of the windward wall.

How do we work?

2b5a39c7421c8cd12d15e3150ceaff1b We use standard projects of apartment houses, which can be changed and added at the request of the customer. We also develop individual projects of single-storey and low-rise buildings. In order for the customer to visually evaluate how the building will look at the completion of construction, we create a computer 3D model that takes into account such factors as:

  • Natural terrain unevenness
  • The orientation of the building to the sides of the world (solar illumination is modeled depending on the time of day, natural illumination of those or other premises)

The low-rise building project includes:

  • the overall floor plan of the building
  • constructive solution and calculations taking into account the selected material
  • base plan;
  • 3D model (view of facade and section)
  • Thermal calculation of walls
  • engineering communications plan.

The price is from 60 UAH/m2

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